Establishing Solar Power as a New Reality in Kuwait
The Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences, as a catalyst, is instigating the acceleration of renewable energy applications and its utilization in electricity generation to reduce dependency on fuel oil as a main source of income for Kuwait while minimizing negative environmental effects resulting from the use of fossil fuels.
As a response to the Directives of H.H. Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the Amir of the State of Kuwait and the Chairman of KFAS’ Board of Directors, to prioritize the use of renewable energy sources in Kuwait in an attempt to reach a target of 15% of electricity demand through renewable energy sources by the year 2030, KFAS initiated and funded pilot projects that aim to promote and accelerate the use of solar energy for electrical power generation in addition to raise public awareness on these technologies.
Energy Efficiency and Photovoltaic Systems Pilot Applications for Selected Co-Operative Society Supermarkets
The project aims to promote and accelerate the use of solar energy by installing photovoltaic (PV) systems in the car parks of selected co-operative societies in addition to improving the energy efficiency of the co-ops major energy consumers, in this case lighting and air-conditioning systems. Display screen systems that illustrate the production of electrical energy, demonstrate the savings and impact of the project are installed inside the co-ops to increase public awareness among visitors on the use of renewable energy.
The project is implemented in cooperation with the Kuwait Institute for scientific Research, the National Technology Enterprises Company (NTEC), the Ministry of Electricity and Water, Al-Zahra Co-operative Society, Al-Adailiya Co-operative Society, the Association of Co-operative Societies and "Nahtam Voluntary Team" from the Voluntary Work Center.
Zahra Co-Operative Society
The installed capacity of the PV system is 780 kWp which can produce around 1,270 MWh of electrical energy annually. This can:
• Meet the need for electricity of more than 16 homes for one year.
• Save at least 780 barrels of oil per year.
• Reduce CO2 emissions by at least 1,150 tons per year.
Adailiya Co-Operative Society
The installed capacity of the PV system is 285 kWp which can produce around 460 MWhr of electrical energy annually. This can:
• Meet the need for electricity of more than 5 homes for one year.
• Save at least 280 barrels of oil per year.
• Reduce CO2 emissions by at least 410 tons per year.
BUILDING INTEGRATED SOLAR PV FOR KUWAITI HOMES
This pilot project aims to design, construct, operate, and monitor rooftop grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems for a total of 150 Kuwaiti homes, at a rate of fifty (50) homes per year over the course of three years. This will actually investigate the feasibility of widespread deployment of photovoltaic systems in the residential sector. The main outcome is to develop regulations and guidelines that define the relationship between government agencies, private sector, and homeowners in terms of identifying smart meters, feed in tariffs, etc. Furthermore, the project will serve to develop local capacity in the safe and proper installation, operation and maintenance of residential PV systems and it will be a test bed for future installations of residential PV systems
The project is implemented in cooperation with the Kuwait Institute for scientific Research, the Ministry of Electricity and Water; in addition to Kuwait Municipality and the Public Authority for Housing Welfare.
The expected installed capacity of the PV system for 150 homes is 1.5 MWp which can produce around 2,440 MWhr of electrical energy annually. This can:
• Save at least 1,500 barrels of oil per year.
• Reduce CO2 emissions by at least 2,200 tons per year.
• Reasonable available area
• The house is owned by the resident
• Homeowner has paid all electricity bills
• Homeowner will be responsible for system
• Homeowner deposits KD 1,000 as guarantee for system maintenance
50 Homes Already Installed
The First batch of 50 homes is completed, the total installed capacity is around 500 kWp. This produces around 800 MWh of electrical energy annually which is equivalent to:
• Save at least 490 barrels of oil per year.
• Reduce CO2 emissions by at least 720 tons per year.
ACHIEVING THE GOAL ON A LARGER SCALE
Based on the results of the pilot projects, KFAS considered disseminating and promoting renewable energy applications in the Kuwaiti society. Hence, the foundation initiated in coordination with the General Secretariat of the Supreme Council for Planning and Development the inclusion of similar projects in the next development plan (2017-2020) through the supply, installation and operation of photovoltaic cells in 10 cooperatives and 1,500 houses. The project will be implemented in cooperation National Technology Enterprises Company (NTEC) as the main partner, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) as a technical partner and the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) as a strategic partner.
The project aims to help reduce the peak load, contribute to increase the percentage of the use of renewable energy while saving our natural resources, provide national capacity building in the field of solar energy, and commit to the Paris Agreement COP21 by reducing Carbon Dioxide emissions that cause global warming.